During the ITER negotiations, the decision to site ITER in Cadarache was reached in 2005 through an agreement between Europe and Japan on a privileged partnership in the ITER project and in a set of activities, to be performed jointly in Japan – the Broader Approach Activities (BA Activities). In Brussels on 22nd November 2006, at the same time as the signature of the ITER Agreement, the representatives of the Government of Japan and EURATOM signed the Brussels Joint Declaration for the joint implementation of the Broader Approach (BA) Activities in support of the ITER Project and an early realization of fusion energy for peaceful purposes on a time frame compatible with the ITER construction phase. The “Broader Approach Agreement” was signed on February 5th 2007 in Tokyo and the activities started on June 1st 2007 after ratification of the Agreement by both Parties.
The agreed joint programme consists of three projects, the Engineering Validation and Engineering Design Activities for the International Fusion Materials Irradiation Facility (IFMIF/EVEDA), the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC), and the Satellite Tokamak Programme (STP) Project JT-60SA.
The main objective of the three projects included in the BA Agreement is to provide information, complementary to that from ITER, in the fields of physics and technology, needed to proceed to DEMO, the next step in the quest for fusion power. The activities under the BA Agreement are to be implemented on a time frame compatible with the ITER construction phase and the Agreement is to remain in force for a period of 10 years and continue in force thereafter unless terminated by either party. In this way, the three Broader Approach projects represent a well-integrated approach to support the ongoing fusion programme, centred on ITER, and to prepare to undertake the engineering design and construction of DEMO.
Follow this link to download the Broader Approach brochure in PDF