Background information about general status
The LIPAC accelerator is currently shut down and in a planned long-term maintenance phase that is scheduled to be completed at the end of October.
One week intervention completed on 15/10. Modification of the beam line configuration in the MEL (Medium Energy Beam Transport Extension Line): installation of RGBLM (Residual Gas Bunch Length Monitor) chamber.
This is a complex intervention requiring venting of the beam line with N2, disassembly the turbolomecular pump, removing the vacuum chamber and installing a new vacuum chamber equipped with specific port to host the RGBLM sensor. The RGBLM in this position of the line will be an important instrument to monitor the beam in the next campaign.
Disclaimer: the information reported is not meant to be technically complete and doesn’t cover all the activities currently carried out on LIPAc.
IFERC and IFMIF/EVEDA Technical Coordination Meeting on remote participation
A joint IFERC/REC and IFMIF/EVEDA Technical Coordination Meeting was held on July 28-30 via videoconference. The purpose was the following:
- To take stock of the activities and developments performed in both IFMIF-EVEDA and IFERC projects for remote participation for LIPAc accelerator;
- To clarify the high-level requirements for remote participation;
- To discuss the detailed technical issues on various aspects of remote participation, and translate them into practical requirements;
- To identify preferred solutions, agree on the hardware and software needed in data sharing, and on a distribution of tasks and responsibilities.
The plan of collaboration between REC and LIPAc will be part of a Procurement Arrangement of REC project. The expertise of IFERC team will allow LIPAc team to improve operation and maintenance. The Covid-19 outbreak has highlighted the importance to enhance the Information Technology remote system to allow support from Europe, and also to complete and improve the tools to operate and to manage efficiently the LIPAc accelerator.
In the Technical Coordination Meeting various visions, expectations and needs have been expressed. More discussion and work will be needed to share a common understanding of the high-level requirements, technical tools and preferred solutions to be developed.
This Joint coordination is the beginning of new phase which will enable us to exchange intensively to bring our projects and the Broader Approach site at the cutting edge of technology. Remote participation systems are not just tools that can improve LIPAc operation. They are research subjects, proposing innovating concepts which will become the future standards.
LIPAc maintenance progress
06 July 2020
LIPAc maintenance activities are on-going. On-sites activities have never stopped, but they were slowed down during a period of recommended teleworking due to Covid-19 outbreak. It is not yet possible for EU experts to travel for supporting activities at the Rokkasho BA site.
The Medium-Energy Beam Transport extension line has been successfully manufactured and installed. It has been designed to transport the beam to the permanent Beam Dump at 5 MeV instead of the cryomodule. LIPAc is now upgraded into its future phase B+ (125 mA, D+, 5 MeV, high duty cycle) configuration, with its High Energy Beam Transport line and the Beam Dump.
Work is currently on-going with the following activities:
- Licensing preparation with Japanese authorities;
- Maintenance of LIPAc systems;
- Start of a training campaign for operators and experts;
- Setting remote participation tools to ease and increase participation of EU experts;
- Resuming of the RFQ conditioning;
- Preparation to resume operation with Phase B+ objectives.
Fusion energy collaboration between the EU and Japan is continuing…
Fusion research is advancing — Rokkasho Fusion Institute in charge of ITER and fusion DEMO reactor development
“Rokkasho Fusion Institute, located in Aomori Prefecture, is conducting R&D to support the early realization of fusion energy….. [read more]”
Second LIPAc Commissioning and Beam Operation Workshop at QST (Rokkasho)
During stop for the scheduled maintenance, a long-planned LIPAc Commissioning and Beam Operation workshop was organized at the Broader Approach Rokkasho site on Nov. 20-22. The workshop gathered again the LIPAc collaboration after the completion of the commissioning Phase B (5 MeV, 125 mA, D+, 0.1% DC, including the commissioning of the RFQ and buncher cavities, as well as a large part of the beam instrumentation).
The LIPAc team has been pleased to welcome Dr. M. Munoz (ESS), Prof. E. Kako (KEK) and Dr. Y. Kondo (J-PARC) to share valuable experience. During 3 days, the accelerator scientists and experts from Japan and Europe exchanged about the operational aspects of the LIPAc:
- Status, results, outcome and achievements of the phase B
- Difficulties and lessons learned from commissioning and operation
- Organization of the LIPAc Unit for operation and maintenance
- Coordination and tools for efficient operation
- Coordination and tools for efficient maintenance
Furthermore, the steps ahead for LIPAc were addressed, including:
- On-going preparation of the beam transport lines for Phase B+ (5 MeV, 125 mA, D+, high duty cycle)
- Detailed definition of the phase B+ Commissioning Plan
- Preparation of the SRF Linac cryomodule assembly
The goal of the workshop is also to strengthen the communication and team spirit among IFMIF/EVEDA collaborators who are geographically distant in Europe and Japan. The conclusions and actions identified by the chairman in each session will be gathered into an action plan.
Project Committee #24
15 & 16 October 2019
The 24th Project Committee (PC#24) was held at Rokkasho Broader Approach Site on October 15 and 16. The project status and achievements were presented as well as the outlook from phase B+ onward. The main update topics discussed were:
- RF system improvement
- Phase B milestone beam perveance record
- Beam Dump installation resumed
- Phase B end and the maintenance period start
- Technical difficulties
- Next objectives towards continuous wave operation
- Objectives of High Energy Beam Transport line and Beam Dump validation
- Long-term improvement actions
- Preparation of the Medium Energy Beam Transport extension line
- Status of superconducting solenoids procurement for the SRF Linac Cryomodule
- Preparatory status for the clean room assembly of the Cryomodule
The action plan for 2020 was presented for installation, maintenance and operation.
LIPAc maintenance period and High Energy beam line installation
25 September 2019
After the completion of operation corresponding to the phase B, the maintenance activities have started mid of August as planned alongside the preparation of the next phase: phase B+. In this long maintenance period, it is important to carry-out both the curative maintenance of components that were malfunctioning and the preventive maintenance to ensure a better reliability and availability of the systems for the next operation campaigns. The maintenance activities are planned targeting to resume Injector continuous wave operation and Radio-Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) conditioning before end of 2019, so that LIPAc operation can restart in the second quarter of 2020. In this first period higher priority has therefore been assigned to the Injector and RF/RFQ systems maintenance.
Maintenance activities of the Diagnostics-Plate and of the vacuum systems have also started; maintenance of the Medium-Energy Beam Transport line (MEBT) are planned in December. Specific activities on the beam instrumentation will be carried out in November with EU experts from CEA and INFN on-site. The final beam instrumentation checkout will take place after the installation of the MEBT extension line.
The maintenance of the ancillaries is on-going and many activities have already been completed, such as electrical network distribution, secondary cooling system, Personnel Protection System, Accelerator vault crane. The cryoplant maintenance activities will be carried out in the first quarter of 2020.
The upgrade of LIPAc into its future phase B+ configuration, with its High Energy Beam Transport line (HEBT), is also the goal of this maintenance period. The MEBT extension line has been designed to transport the beam at 5 MeV instead of the cryomodule. It is composed of quadrupoles to focus the beam, steerers to correct its trajectory, Beam Position Monitors to monitor the beam orbit, a vacuum chamber to host a Residual Gas Bunch Length Monitor, Beam Loss Monitors and turbo-pumps for vacuum pumping. The components of the MEBT extension line are currently being procured or manufactured.
The Low Power Beam Dump which was used during phases A and B will be removed. The HEBT is positioned in its final position together with the Diagnostics Plate, and the LIPAc Beam Dump for full beam energy will be connected to the beam line.
Successful acceleration of a 125 mA deuteron beam @5 MeV in LIPAc!!!
24 July 2019
The deuteron (D+) beam commissioning has been ongoing since two months, and we achieved a 125 mA beam acceleration by the Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ), and transported to the Low Power Beam Dump (LPBD) on the 24th of July, 2019. The data was obtained in pulsed mode operation of ion plasma source with 1 ms length and 1 Hz repetition rate.
The beam current range was varying from 50 to 140 mA at the entrance of RFQ, and 90% transmission through the RFQ was measured for a maximum current of 125 mA (measurement taken at the end of the beam pulse shape) and for a rated RFQ cavity voltage of 132 kV.
The detail of the accelerated beam characteristics is under investigation and the commissioning phase is still ongoing.
This significant outcome demonstrates that all the components of the LIPAc accelerator in the phase B configuration meet the design requirements. This achievement gives us confidence for the future and the next step toward continuous wave operation at 5 MeV with its high energy beam transport line.
Status Proton Beam Commissioning @2.5 MeV (Phase B1)
25 May 2019
The proton characterization at 2.5 MeV was completed on April 30, 2019 (Phase B1). During this phase, with an extracted current of 88 mA and 300 µs maximum pulse length from the injector, a maximum current of 57 mA was accelerated in the Radio Frequency Quadrupole (RFQ) with a transmission of 93 % through RFQ and beam transport line up to the Low Power Beam Dump (LPBD).
The RFQ was conditioned for proton level operation, which requires a field of about 70 kV to accelerate the protons. In the case of the deuteron operation (next phase B2, and nominal condition of the machine), the cavity needs to be conditioned to reach a maximum field of 142 kV. The conditioning is still on-going to reach that field level with pulses up to 300 µs.
The Beam Instrumentation has also demonstrated to be operational. Further improvements are ongoing which should ease beam operation and allow data analysis with comparison to beam dynamics models.
As an example, the above figure on the left shows the measurement of beam profiles, providing the shape of the beam. On the right, the beam position in space is monitored.
Project Committee #23
18 & 19 March 2019
The 23nd Project Committee (PC#23) was held at Rokkasho IFERC Site on March 18th and 19th, during which an update of the project status was presented as well as the outlook from 2019 onward.
The main topics discussed were the progress since the last PC#22 with the achievement of the annual maintenance campaign, the completion the HEBT and Beam Dump installation in the accelerator line and the resumption of the Beam Operation with proton beam and the first deuteron injection into the RFQ. The preparatory work for the assembly of the Cryomodule in the clean room at Rokkasho was also presented.
The PC members in the LIPAc Control Room participating to the beam operation
3 weeks after resuming the operation….
The maintenance period was completed early 2019 and the acceleration of proton beams up to 2.5 MeV was resumed on 20 February. A transmission of 95% through the RFQ was achieved with an input beam current of 7 mA and 0.3 ms pulse length. By using such a beam, the phase tuning of the two bunchers installed in the MEBT was performed successfully. The basic beam diagnostics, beam current monitors (ACCT) and beam position monitors (BPM), were used regularly for beam commissioning, and the beam profile measurement was started by using a non-interceptive device (Fluorescence Profile Monitors) and an interceptive one (Secondary electron emission grid monitors). The latter one is also used to measure the beam emittance with a slit insertion.
IFMIF/EVEDA – Engineering and validation of equipment in progress
First LIPAc Commissioning and Beam Operation Workshop at Rokkasho!!!
After completing the first beam operation stage, and while profiting ofthe stop of the machine for the scheduled maintenance, the first LIPAcCommissioning and Beam Operation workshop was organized at Rokkasho site. [read more]
Visit of the French Ambassador at Rokkasho on 12/11/2018
On November 12th, 2018, we were honored by the visit of the French Ambassador, his excellency Laurent Pic, and his delegation at Rokkasho. We were given the chance to present the activities performed at the IFERC site [read more]
Project Committee #22
The 22nd Project Committee was held at Rokkasho IFERC Site on October 15th and 16th, during which an update of the project was presented as well as the outlook from 2019 onward [read more]
On October 16th, 2018 the transfer of ownership of Beam Instrumentation, Medium Energy Beam Transport and Radio Frequency Quadrupole [read more]
First proton beam injected into the RFQ on 13 June 2018!!!
As a major milestone towards the validation of the IFMIF accelerator design, the first beam has been injected into the RFQ at the LIPAc (Linear IFMIF Prototype Accelerator) at Rokkasho on 13 June 2018.
After some optimization, on Friday 15 June 2018 more than 80% of transmission in the RFQ was achieved.
This first campaign consisting of the full characterization of the proton beam at low duty cycle, followed by an increase of the beam current up to 65mA, will last almost 8 weeks, and will be followed by the deuteron beam operation. Besides this important milestone being reached, LIPAc project will have to face other important challenges before the start of the next phase with the assembly of the SRF Linac at Rokkasho site and the installation of the HEBT/BD required to reach the final targeted 9MeV.
Congratulations to the LIPAc Operation Team!!
Further check the dedicated newsline.